On this page you shall find a wealth of information relating to Nanjing, its history, infrastructure, toursist attractions and much more.
The biggest tourist attraction in Nanjing is the mausoleum to Sun Yatsen (Zhong Shan Ling) which we won't dwell on here except that to say, contrary to popular belief, the mausoleum does not contain Sun Yatsen's body. His final resting place is instead his home town of Zhongshan. This explains why Zhongshan Lu is one of the main streets in every Chinese city.
Away from this, but also on Purple Mountain are a great many other attractions, as follows. A word of warning for taking a day trip to the mountain – after 5pm it shall be virtually impossible to find a taxi to return you to the city. You are likely to be left with an hour-long walk to the nearest bus station at the foot of the mountain and a lengthy wait for a bus to actually start moving.
除了中山陵之外， 紫金山上还有许多著名的旅游景点。不过需要提醒大家的是， 过了下午5点之后，想在紫金山上找到一辆出租车几乎是不可能的。如果步行归程的话， 大约需要一小时的时间抵达山脚。在山脚下有公共汽车站可恭等候。（不过通常需要耐心地等一段时间。直到公车启程）
Purple Cloud Lake
A popular swimming place in the summer months for locals and foreigners alike. Despite signs forbidding swimming, if going for a dip, it is wise to remember that several people drown every year in the lake, usually a result of cramp brought on by the currents of stone cold water entering the lake from deep inside the mountain. The advice; if you're going for a swim, do not go alone, or if you do take some kind of floatation device with you.
An odd Roman Colosseum type of design that in fact becomes, acoustically speaking, a perfect auditorium. Holds the occasional performance in the warmer months and is the perfect spot for a picnic in Nanjing, and to watch the doves, resident on account of Sun Yatsen coining the term "Universal Love" to describe Nanjing's earlier reputation for being a welcoming melting pot of cultures.
Purple Mountain Observatory
On the top of Purple Mountain itself, the Purple Mountain Observatory has also recently built four telescopes for the new robotic astronomical observatory project at Dome Argus on the highest point of the Antarctic Plateau.
There is also a cable car going up the hill, and if you have the right shoes, feel free to walk all the way down from the hill. Prices are fairly acceptable, for one-ride ¥25, for up-and-down ¥45.
The Nanjing Museum
The Nanjing Museum is located inside the Zhongshan Gate of the city at 312 Zhongshan Dong Lu, was established in 1933 and now numbers among its collections some 2,000 treasures of national and cultural interest, among them cultural relics, paintings, calligraphies, and ancient books. Star exhibits include a large number of porcelains from the Qing dynasty palace (221 BC - 206 BC), relics excavated from ruins of the Shang dynasty (16th - 11th century BC) and the museum's collection of some 30,000 calligraphy and painting masterpieces. There are also three special exhibition sections, entitled "The Five Thousand-year Civilization Panorama of the Lower Reaches of Yangtze River", "The Very Fine Display of Chinese History, People and Culture" and "Jiangsu Archaeological Achievements Exhibition". To assist visitors there is a multimedia guide system to provide a better understanding of the museum and its rich treasures. One of the finest museums of its class in China, the Nanjing Museum is truly a 'must-see' for anyone visiting to Nanjing. Admission is free.
南京博物馆位于中山东路312号,坐落于南京中山城门内。建于1933年，藏有400，000,迄当代，包括石器、陶器、玉器、青铜器、瓷器、书画、织绣、竹木牙雕、民俗和当代艺术品等，国家一级以上文物1062件。管内著名的藏品包括清朝瓷器（公元221－公元206），上古遗物（公元16－11世纪）。 馆中设有常展区，其中包括 “江苏历史陈列”、“长江下游五千年文明展” “我们的昨天——祖国的历史、民族和文化展” 。为了帮助展览者更好地了解展馆以及其中所收藏的珍品，馆中备有多媒体导向系统以供使用。南京博物馆可以算得上是中国博物馆中屈手可指的一个， 是任何一个到南京旅游的游客都不可错过的景点。入场价格为免费。
Yangtze River Bridge
The famous Yangtze River Bridge was completed in 1968 after almost nine years of construction, and still stands strong today as a fine example of Chinese engineering. All Chinese people today are understandably proud of the fact it was the first bridge built without foreign assistance and only the second to cross the mighty Yangtze River. A few years previous the first was completed in Wuhan with help from the then friendly Soviet Union.
著名的长江大桥于1968年完工， 费时近九年。如今依然稳立于中国工程学界，作为著名的工程范例之一。 作为中国第一座无借助外国帮助建设的大桥，同时也是第二个穿越强大的扬子江的大桥， 大部分中国人都十分为此而感到骄傲。 （第一座穿越扬子江的大桥是在前苏联的帮助于武汉建成）
Construction on the bridge began in January, 1960 during which was set a then record for working under water - at a depth of 80 metres! The bridge also provided employment for some 5000 people at the time. It was opened to railway traffic on 30th September, 1968 and road traffic three months later, on 28th December.
长江大桥于1960年一月动工。当时，于水下80米施工的纪录可算是破了先河的。 铁道交通于1968年9月30日在大桥上开通，公路于三个月（11月28日）之后开通。 同时，长江大桥的建设提供了5000个就业机会。
Atop the bridge's four towers are three giant steel red flags representing symbolic building in the history of bridge construction after Chinese liberation. On the approaches, four statues of workers, peasants and soldiers; while the quotations of Comrade Mao adorn the sides of the bridge towers themselves.
The Nanjing bridge is one of the ‘must-sees’ of any visit to Nanjing for all Chinese and an increasing number of foreigners who have come to appreciate the bridge’s national significance. All day, every day, people can be seen posing for photos with their friends while the Yangtze river continues its majestic flow in the background. To do this is it is not necessary to walk the entire length of the bridge itself. Instead, the deck of the bridge can be accessed on both the north and south sides of the river via an elevator! Such laziness has a price - ¥7 for a one way trip and acccessing the obversation deck (south side only) shall cost a further ¥8.
The Nanjing bridge (including approach roads) is 6,772 metres in length with a main span across the river 1577 metres long, and was designed to carry 60,000 vehicles per day, as figure that is far far exceeded in today’s traffic conditions!
Hand woven Nanjing brocade has a history of over 1500 years while the Zhuang Hua wooden-loom represents a history of silk weaving lasting for over 4700 years. This traditional hand-weaving technology cannot be replaced by machines; and is the only technology of its kind handed down to modern times dating back over 3000 years.
The weaving skills of Nanjing brocade are handed down from generation to generation by means of hand and oral instruction. Nanjing brocade features rich patterns, big flowers, beautiful shapes, gorgeous and unrestrained colours, free color-matching and changeable tints; and in particular the application of golden peacock feather threads. In the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, Nanjing brocade was chosen as a dedicated material for royal family garments and ranked first among three major kinds of brocade in ancient China.
云锦工艺独特，用传统的提花木机织造，必须由提花工和织造工两人配合完成，前者坐在织机上负责提花，后者在织机下织造，上下协同，两个人一天也只能完成5－6厘米长云锦的织造，与一般织造的“通经通纬”工艺不同，南京云锦使用的是“通经断纬”技术，挖花盘织、妆金敷彩，织出逐花异色的效果，即从云锦的不同角度看，所织花色是不同的。南京云锦主要有“花缎”、“织金”、“织锦”、“妆花”四类，尤以“织金”与“妆花”两种工艺成就最高。“织金”即用金箔切割成的金丝线进行织造，“妆花”的特点是用色多，五彩缤纷。由于云锦被用于皇室，所以云锦的用料考究，不惜工本，所用材料多为金线银丝、真丝、绢丝、各类鸟禽羽毛等。目前，这种靠人的记忆编织的传统手工织造方法仍无法用现代化的机器来替代。 40多年来，南京云锦的科研人员经过努力，把濒临消亡的南京云锦织造工艺逐渐恢复，并搜集整理了云锦图案和画稿，培训艺徒，恢复了失传品种“双面锦”、“凹凸锦”、“妆花纱”等，复制了汉代的“素纱禅衣”、宋代“童子戏桃绫”、明代“妆花纱龙袍”等珍贵文物，并征集收藏了900多件云锦实物资料，为南京云锦的研究发展打下了良好的基础。目前，南京云锦又面向市场，开发了服饰、工艺画屏、日用饰品等众多工艺礼品及消费品，受到市场的欢迎。 在面临全国真正懂云锦技术的人员不足百人的情况下，2001年，南京云锦正式申报联合国教科文组织的“人类口头及非物质文化遗产”，现已被列入候选项目。
The Nanjing Brocade Museum is located adjacent to the Nanjing Massacre museum in the southwest of Nanjing.
History of Kun Opera
In the beginning Kun Opera was referred to as simply the Kun tone, although later it also went by the names of Kunshan tone, the sea salt tone, Yuyao tone, Yiyang tone and the Hangzhou tone, collectively as the southern five tones of Kun Opera. During the Hongwu period of his reign, the first Ming emperor Zhu Yuan invited the then 110 year old Zhou Shouyi, foremost representative of the Kun Operatic movement to a personal meeting in Nanjing in 1373, and declared Kun tone to be most superior form of opera, with Zhu's own personal favourite being the "Pipa" style of Kun Opera. Such was his enthusiasm that Zhu established a Kun Opera performance agency within his own court in Nanjing, and built the "Fuller House" for public performances on the southern banks of the Qinghuai river. In 1394 during an extended period of peace within China, the Kun operatic movement gained further momentum when Zhu ordered the construction of the "16 Houses of Jinling" with the express purpose of promoting greater public interest in the arts and dramatic performances.
Nanjing is best known for its salty duck. The other dishes most associated with Nanjing include Hui Lu Gan, a kind of fried beancurd flapjack; Xiao Long Baozi and Shao Ya, another duck dish, this one roasted giving it a yellow/brown skin. Nanjing's proximity to the Yangtze river also means a large proportion of all meals shall be made up of fish as well as the ever present ducks' heads.
盐水鸭可算的上是南京最著名的美食。 于此同样出名的美食包括回卤干，小龙包子以及烧鸭。 回卤干是一种豆腐干，先经油炸后经卤制而成。烧鸭与盐水鸭不同，区别在于制作方式。烧鸭是经烘烤后至成的外皮酥脆，肉质肥嫩的鸭餐。南京特有地靠江地理位置也意味着餐桌上大量的鱼类河鲜佳肴。
The Nanbuting area
Nanbuting in southern Nanjing is home to much of the city's most interesting history. Dating from the early Ming dynasty when General Zhu Yuanjiang made Nanjing the Chinese capital, the area gave rise to Nanjng's reputation as a multi-cultural centre. Once upon a time, tea houses, inns, restaurants, workshops, mosques plus taoist and buddhist temples were all to be found here. Rongjuan Jie was a well known local down market and home to many hat manufacturers and traders. Qi Jia Huan was traditionally home to the Hui, China's original Muslims and Ganxi's Villa continues to be one of China's most celebrated ancient dwellings with its 99 and a half rooms.
Nanjing City Wall
The Nanjing City Wall took 21 years to build and is the longest in the world at 35.267 kilometres, 0.7 kilometers longer than Beijing's city wall and 1.7 kilometres longer than the wall in Paris. Total length of 35.267 kilometres, height is 14-20 metres and width 4-10 metres.
南京城墙全长35.267公里，蜿蜒盘桓，其长度为世界都城之最。 南京城墙比北京城墙长0.7公里,比法国巴黎的城墙长1.7公里。 南京城墙全长为35.267公里，南京城墙高14-20米,厚度为4-10米。
Admiral Zheng He
Originally surnamed Ma, and nicknamed San Bao, Zheng He (1371-1433) was a Muslim born in the Kunyang Perfecture (today's Jinning County) of Yunnan Province.
During the reign of Zhu Di (1360-1424), the second emperor of the Ming Dynasty, he became a eunuch in the Ming Court. From 1405 to 1433, Zheng He led a fleet of 208 ships and a crew of 27,000, travelling to more than 30 countries and regions in Asia and Africa. He is regarded as the pioneer in the age of 15th century maritime adventures. His voyages helped spread the ancient civilisation of China, promoted cultural exchange, economy and trade, enhanced the foreign relations of China with the rest of the world and contributed immenselty to international navigation practice.
Upon his voyages Zheng He sailed as far as Africa and it is also said that he may well have also journeyed to America arriving before Christopher Columbus. In addition he is also largely credited with inventing the game Mah Jiang as a relief to the tedium of long voyages, thus accounting for the game's widespread reference to nautical terms, e.g. 'west wind', 'east wind'.
郑和航行远至于非洲，很可能在美国的哥伦布前到达非洲大陆。此外，有传他还发明了游戏麻将作为弥补长航程的单调，同时游戏普遍提到海里条款，如'西风' ， '东风' 。
Although hailing from Yunnan, Zheng He studied at the Imperial Central College in Nanjing where he also served the imperial court. His fleets of ships were constructed in Nanjing from where he also set sail on his many voyages.
General information about Nanjing
Nanjing has a history of nearly 2500 years, and is known as the capital of six dynasties, or ten regimes, whose landscape incorporates mountains, water, city and forestry.
Shaped like winding dragon, the Purple Mountain east to Nanjing situates Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum, the world's cultural heritage Ming Tombs, as well as the world-famous Purple Mountain Observatory.
The Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum area is a world-famous scenic spot. The Tangshan scenic area accommodates caves of ape-men living 300,000 years ago, and the Tangshan Thermal Spring which is among the top four spa sanatoriums in China.
The Qingliangshan mountain in the west is the place where Zhu Geliang admired Nanjing landscape as a “coiling dragon and crouching tiger”. The Yuhuatai Platform in the south embraces the mausoleum of revolutionary martyrs, while the Yuejiang Tower atop the Lion Rock in the northeast was planned 600 years ago, but constructed as recently as 2001.
The hills of the Laoshan National Forest Park on the northern banks of the Yangtze are rich in species and covered with virgin forest.
The Qinhuai River is the mother river of Nanjing, its inner branch joins with the outer branch which then merge into the Yangtze River.
The Qinhuai river has also witnessed prosperity, beauty and change throughout Nanjing’s history.
The Xuanwu Lake is famous for it poetic sceneries, while Mochou Lake, Zixia Lake, Bailu Lake are all water bodies of great charm in Nanjing.
In 2008, Nanjing was awarded the special honor of UN Habitat Scroll of Honor Special Citation.
The Zhonghua Gate is the biggest gate in the wall, and it is also the biggest in the world.
The Shence Gate is the best preserved among the Nanjing wall’s 13 gates.
In 2004, "The Nanjing City Wall Scenery Plan" was awarded the China Habitat Environment Example Prize.
The Ming Palace site is of enormously scale while the Chao Tien Palace is the largest and best preserved complex of ancient architecture in Nanjing.
The Ming walls scenery belt along with expressway green belts as well as parks form Nanjing’s unique green ecosystem. The construction of Riverside scenery ensures Nanjing remains in the forefront China wide in this regard. Nanjing is becoming a distinctive green center in East China.
Nanjing aims at a convenient, green and harmonious transportation system, to which end under construction are the Yangtze River international shipping logistics center, a comprehensive national transportation hub and a modernized city comprehensive transportation system.
North Zhongshan Road, Zhongshan Road, and the East Zhongshan Road are Nanjing’s city axis. The double cross shaped inner rings join with main streets to present a fast and convenient transport system.
The main outer rings spread out to connect to twelve expressways, thence to realizing fast access to other cities.
Nanjing Lukou International Airport is an important air link in China. Nanjing Railway Station is one of China's busiest railway terminala. The Xin Shengwei Harbour is China's largest inland foreign trade port. The South Railway Station, the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, and intercity railways are all under construction.
南京禄口国际机场是中国重要的干线机场。 南京铁路新客站是中国最繁忙的铁路客运站之一。 新生圩港是中国内河最大的外贸港口。铁路南站、京沪高铁、城际铁路的建设实施，将形成华东地区最大的铁路环形枢纽。
According to Nanjing’s Urban Planning, by 2050 Nanjing will have 10 metro lines and 4 light rail lines with a total length of 433 km.
Cross-River Development is an important social and economic development measure. 1968 saw the completion of the Yangtze River Bridge and in 2001 the Nanjing No.2 Bridge opened followed in 2005 by the Nanjing No. 3 Bridge. Now the fourth bridge as well as other cross-river passes are under construction. In the next few years, 10 cross river tunnels will be constructed.
实现跨江发展是南京社会经济发展的一项重要举措。 1968年建成南京长江大桥，2001年建成南京长江二桥，2005年建成南京长江三桥。 纬七路、纬三路、长江四桥，以及大胜关铁路桥等过江通道正在加紧建设实施。未来几年南京将建成10条过江通道，使南京成为长江流域最具活力的地区之一。